This site requires Cookies enabled in your browser for login.
. . .
Alias List Editor
AOSM2022: Waking up thirsty: tree water use of snowmelt in a boreal forest
Section 1: Publication
Authorship or Presenters
Magali F. Nehemy, Jason Maillet, Nia Perron, Christoforos Pappas, Oliver Sonnentag, Jennifer L. Baltzer, Colin P. Laroque, Jeffrey J. McDonnell
Waking up thirsty: tree water use of snowmelt in a boreal forest
Hydrology and Terrestrial Ecosystems
10-minute oral presentation
Magali F. Nehemy, Jason Maillet, Nia Perron, Christoforos Pappas, Oliver Sonnentag, Jennifer L. Baltzer, Colin P. Laroque, Jeffrey J. McDonnell (2022). Waking up thirsty: tree water use of snowmelt in a boreal forest. Proceedings of the GWF Annual Open Science Meeting, May 16-18, 2022.
Section 2: Abstract
Plain Language Summary
This research provide new insight into forest water use and in the boreal forest and how changes in water availability through snowmelt might impact forest water use, growth and water availability downstream. This aligns with GWF goals because provide a better understanding about boreal forests functioning and how it might change under climate warming, increasing chances to predict forest responses.
Studies of tree water source partitioning have primarily focused on the growing season. However, little is yet known about the source of transpiration before, during, and after snowmelt when trees rehydrate and recommence transpiration in the spring. This study investigates tree water use during spring snowmelt following tree’s winter stem shrinkage. We document the source of transpiration of three boreal forest tree species—Pinus banksiana, Picea mariana, and Larix laricina—by combining observations of weekly isotopic signatures (d18O and d2H) of xylem, soil water, rainfall and snowmelt with measurements of soil moisture dynamics, snow depth and high-resolution temporal measurements of stem radius changes and sap flow. Our data shows that the hydraulic onset of stem rehydration and transpiration overlaps with snowmelt for evergreens. During rehydration and transpiration onset, the water in the xylem (d18O and d2H) reflected a constant pre-melt isotopic signature likely reflecting late fall conditions. As snowmelt infiltrates the soil and recharges the soil matrix, soil water shows a rapid isotopic shift to depleted-snowmelt water values. While there was an overlap between snowmelt and transpiration timing, xylem and soil water isotopic values did not overlap during transpiration onset. Our data showed 1 to 2-week delay in the shift in xylem water from pre-melt to clear snowmelt-depleted water signatures. This delay appears to be controlled by tree water transit time that was in the order of 9 to 18 days. Our study shows that snowmelt is a key source for stem rehydration and transpiration in the boreal forest during spring onset.
Section 3: Miscellany
Magali Furlan Nehemy
University of Saskatchewan
First Author: Magali F. Nehemy, University of Saskatchewan
Additional Authors: Jason Maillet, The University of Winnipeg; Nia Perron, Université de Montréal; Christoforos Pappas, Université de Montréal; Oliver Sonnentag, Université de Montréal; Jennifer L. Baltzer, Wilfrid Laurier University; Colin P. Laroque, University of Saskatchewan; Jeffrey J. McDonnell, University of Saskatchewan
Section 4: Download
T-2022-04-24-K1CmNFqDn7E2MoaL1pig0NA Conference Publication 1.0