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AOSM2022: Recommendations to enhance hydrological models for improved estimates of climate impacts on northern waters
Section 1: Publication
Authorship or Presenters
Robin Thorne, Phil Marsh, David Rudolph, Christopher Spence, Oliver Sonnentag, Jeff McKenzie, Aaron Berg
Recommendations to enhance hydrological models for improved estimates of climate impacts on northern waters
Hydrology and Terrestrial Ecosystems
10-minute oral presentation
Robin Thorne, Phil Marsh, David Rudolph, Christopher Spence, Oliver Sonnentag, Jeff McKenzie, Aaron Berg (2022). Recommendations to enhance hydrological models for improved estimates of climate impacts on northern waters. Proceedings of the GWF Annual Open Science Meeting, May 16-18, 2022.
AOSM2022 Northern Water Futures
Section 2: Abstract
Plain Language Summary
The rapidly changing Arctic climate is impacting the interactions between surface water, supra-permafrost water, snow, vegetation, lakes and streamflow, particularly as ongoing climate warming continues to thaw the permafrost. Across the Northern Water Futures (NWF) study domain, which is a Northwest Territories-focused consortium, spatial and temporal variability in active layer thickness, the occurrence of taliks, soil infiltration, subsidence, and the contribution of groundwater flow to streamflow, are all expected to be enhanced. A key challenge for Arctic models is dealing with freeze/thaw conditions and the high spatial variability in terrain and vegetation. Hydrologic models are being developed in NWF and other research groups around the globe, but there are many difficulties and approaches in developing such models.
Integrated surface and subsurface hydrological models are critical tools to investigate the impacts of warming on Arctic hydrology over the coming decades and centuries. First, we will review a suite of available hydrological models for this purpose, with a focus on interactions between permafrost, groundwater and streamflow. We will consider potential limitations due to the lack of sophisticated 3D permafrost/groundwater model components and limitations in modelling at the high spatial resolution required. Second, we will use a case example in changes to the development of Arctic models using examples from the Trail Valley Creek (TVC) research watershed, north of Inuvik, NWT. Finally, we will make recommendations to enhance model development as needed, such as the inclusion of components from cryohydrogeological and lake process models, to address changes in Arctic hydrology at the scales required to address societal needs.
Section 3: Miscellany
Wilfrid Laurier University
First Author: Robin Thorne, Wilfrid Laurier University
Additional Authors: Phil Marsh, Wilfrid Laurier University, David Rudolph, University of Waterloo, Christopher Spence, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Oliver Sonnentag, Universite de Montreal, Jeff McKenzie, McGill University, Aaron Berg, University of Guelph
Section 4: Download
T-2022-04-24-m19e6VDNiJEOwal72CH9Jdw Conference Publication 1.0